Once each decade, the U.S. Census Bureau attempts to count every person in the United States.
The next enumeration will be April 1, 2020 and will be the first to rely heavily on online responses.
An accurate count is one in which every person is counted once, only once, and in the right place. The primary and perpetual challenge facing the U.S. Census Bureau is the undercount of certain population groups. That challenge is amplified in California, where more residents are considered traditionally hard to count. Those include foreign-born residents, renters, individuals living in homes without a broadband subscription, people living close to or below the poverty line, and children younger than five years old.
A complete and accurate count of California’s population is essential. The data collected by the decennial Census determines the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives and is used to distribute billions of dollars in federal funds to state and local governments.